Lower School English (Years 7, 8, 9 and 10)

In the English learning area, students learn about the English language: how it works and how to use it effectively.

The study of English plays a vital role in the development of students’ literacy, enhances their learning in all areas of the curriculum and provides them with the communication skills and critical Understanding of language necessary for active participation in society.

Students complete an Outcomes based course that focuses on Receptive Modes (Listening, Reading and Viewing) and Productive Modes (Speaking, Writing and Creating). This approach to learning is in line with the current policy that is being followed in all schools in Western Australia.

Students are required to demonstrate some level of competence in the Major Learning Outcomes listed below, and these levels will be determined at the point of exit of each school year.


  1. Understanding Language
    Students understand that the way language is used varies according to context.
  2. Attitudes, Values and Beliefs
    Students understand that language has an important effect on the ways in which they view themselves and the world in which they live.
  3. Conventions
    Students use the conventions of Standard Australian English with understanding and critical awareness.
  4. Processes and Strategies
    Students select from a repertoire of processes and strategies when listening, viewing, reading, speaking, and writing by reflecting on their understanding of the way language works.
  5. Listening
    Students listen actively with purpose, understanding and critical awareness in a wide range of situations.
  6. Speaking
    Students speak with purpose and effect in a wide range of contexts.
  7. Viewing
    Students view a wide range of visual texts with purpose, understanding and critical awareness.
  8. Reading
    Students read a wide range of texts with purpose, understanding and critical awareness.
  9. Writing
    Students write for a range of purposes and in a range of forms using conventions appropriate to audience, purpose and context.

Year 11 AND 12 COURSES
These courses are studied over two years and consist of semesterised units organised into two-unit combinations. It is expected that students will, in two years, undertake the full two-year course and complete four units. When choosing English subjects students should take into account:

Their level of achievement in Year 10 English. Whether they are considering tertiary entrance (i.e. university) and any course prerequisites that might apply. This information can be obtained from the university handbooks.  The level of English required for TAFE entry or on the job training. Students who are unsure of which English units might be appropriate for them should talk to their English Teacher.


The English ATAR course focuses on developing students’ analytical, creative, and critical thinking and communication skills in all language modes. It encourages students to critically engage with texts from their contemporary world, with texts from the past and with texts from Australian and other cultures. Such engagement helps students develop a sense of themselves, their world and their place in it.

Through close study and wide reading, viewing and listening, students develop the ability to analyse and evaluate the purpose, stylistic qualities and conventions of texts and enjoy creating their own imaginative, interpretive, persuasive and analytical responses. The English ATAR course is designed to develop students’ facility with all types of texts and language modes and to foster an appreciation of the value of English for lifelong learning.

Students refine their skills across all language modes by engaging critically and creatively with texts. They learn to speak and write fluently in a range of contexts and to create a range of text forms. They hone their oral communication skills through discussion, debate and argument, in a range of formal and informal situations.



The English General course focuses on consolidating and refining the skills and knowledge needed by students to become competent, confident and engaged users of English in everyday, community, social, further education, training and workplace contexts. The English General course is designed to provide students with the skills that will empower them to succeed in a wide range of post-secondary pathways.

The course develops students’ language, literacy and literary skills to enable them to communicate successfully both orally and in writing and to enjoy and value using language for both imaginative and practical purposes.

Students comprehend, analyse, interpret and evaluate the content, structure and style of a wide variety of oral, written, multimodal, digital and media texts. Students learn how the interaction of structure, language, audience and context helps to shape how the audience makes meaning. Both independently and collaboratively, they apply their knowledge to create analytical, imaginative, interpretive and persuasive texts in different modes and media.



Foundation courses are designed for students who have not demonstrated the Western Australian Certificate of Education (WACE) standard of numeracy and Standard Australian English (SAE) literacy skills. These standards are based on Level 3 of the Australian Core Skills Framework (ACSF) which outlines the skills required for individuals to meet the demands of everyday life and work in a knowledge-based economy.

Foundation courses provide support for the development of functional literacy and numeracy skills essential
for students to meet the WACE standard of literacy and numeracy through engagement with the ACSF Level 3 reading, writing, oral communication and numeracy core skills.